Tutorial 1: Writing a CI pipeline
Writing your first CI pipeline, Part 1
Let’s learn by example.
Throughout this tutorial, we’ll walk you through the creation of a basic web application with a Brigade CI pipeline for testing the application.
It’ll consist of two parts:
- A public site that lets people generate UUIDs.
- A brigade.js that tests the site
We’ll assume you have Brigade, git (a version control system), and pip (a package management system for Python) installed already.
You can tell Brigade is installed and which version by running the following command in a shell prompt (indicated by the $ prefix):
$ helm status brigade-server
If Brigade is installed, you should see the deployment status of your installation. If it isn’t, you’ll get an error telling “Error: getting deployed release “brigade-server”: release: “brigade-server” not found”.
See Installing Brigade for advice on how to install Brigade.
For pip, it is already installed if you’re using Python 2 >=2.7.9 or Python 3 >=3.4 binaries downloaded from python.org.
You can tell pip is installed and which version by running the following command in a shell prompt:
$ pip --version
If you see “command not found”, see how to install pip for advice on how to install pip.
If you’re having trouble going through this tutorial, please post an issue to Azure/brigade to chat with other Brigade users who might be able to help.
Creating your first application
For this tutorial, we’ll be creating an example application written in Python which uses Flask to provide a very simple UUID generator web server. Flask is a microframework for Python based on Werkzeug, Jinja 2 and good intentions. (Note that this application is written for Python 3, specifically.)
Let’s write the web server. To create your app, type this command:
$ mkdir -p uuid-generator/app
Open the file
uuid-generator/app/__init__.py and put the following Python code into it:
from flask import Flask, Response app = Flask(__name__) @app.route("/") def hello(): return "Hello World!"
This is the simplest application possible in Flask. To call
hello(), we need to map it to a URL - in this case we want to map it to the root path (
Start the development server
Now that we’ve written the app, let’s run it!
$ echo "Flask" > requirements.txt $ pip install -r requirements.txt $ FLASK_APP=uuid-generator/app/__init__.py flask run * Serving Flask app "app" * Running on http://127.0.0.1:5000/ (Press CTRL+C to quit)
Now, open a Web browser and go to “/” on your local domain – e.g., http://127.0.0.1:5000/. You should see “Hello World!”:
If you look back to the running flask app’s logs, you should see new logs pop up:
127.0.0.1 - - [18/Aug/2017 12:56:16] "GET / HTTP/1.1" 200 -
Let’s make the application generate a random UUID on every request. Edit the
uuid-generator/app/__init__.py file so it looks like this:
from flask import Flask, Response import uuid app = Flask(__name__) @app.route("/") def hello(): return Response(str(uuid.uuid4()), status=200, mimetype='text/plain')
Re-run the web server and open the browser back to http://127.0.0.1:5000/. You should now see a random UUID:
Keep refreshing the page. You should see new UUIDs being generated every time you refresh the page.
When you’re comfortable with the application, read part 2 of this tutorial to learn about pushing our application to GitHub.